Product Care


Packaging & Bottling

There are many alternatives when choosing a container for d-Limonene or orange oil. Florida Chemical recommends the products below for packaging and storing our products:

Metal Containers

For drum storage, Florida Chemical Company stores products in phenolic-lined metal containers. Using unlined steel drums is not recommended, because the natural moisture content in d-Limonene can lead to corrosion and rust.

For bulk storage (greater than 55 gallons/210 liters), Florida Chemical recommends stainless steel storage tanks. Due to its resistance to rust, stainless steel tanks do not require any liners or special treatment. 304 and 316 are typical grades of stainless steel.

Plastic Containers

The majority of retail products that contain d-Limonene are packaged in polymer based containers. Most plastics will react adversely if in contact with d-Limonene for extended periods of time. Eventually, the sides of the package will collapse inward (known as paneling). While this does not affect the integrity of the package, paneling does make the package unacceptable in appearance for retail display. The d-Limonene may also migrate through untreated plastic and cause adhesive labels to peel off.

Florida Chemical recommends the use of fluorinated plastic containers or PET for retail packaging. Fluorinated plastic containers resist paneling and are impervious to d-Limonene. There are two methods of fluorinating containers. The plastic can be blow-molded with fluorine gas or the pre-made containers can be treated with fluorine. Either method works for packaging d-Limonene.

Mini bulk totes made of plastic polymers can be used for storage for short periods of time. Because of the wall thickness of totes, the paneling effect will not occur until the product is left in the tote for a few or several years. When using polymeric totes, it is important to let the container dry completely before filling with a d-Limonene product.

Glass and Ceramic Containers

Due to the cost, weight, and fragility, glass or ceramic containers are rarely used for packaging d-Limonene. However, the d-Limonene will have no effect on glass or ceramic packaging. When using glass, make sure that any plastic caps or seals are compatible with d-Limonene.

If there are still questions about storing and packaging d-Limonene, do not hesitate to contact Florida Chemical Company at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or (863) 294-8483.



The facility requirements for storing d-Limonene are no different from storing most other common chemicals. Proper care should be exercised and concern should be given to container compatibility, shelf life, and safety.

Shelf Life & Storage Conditions

Under ideal conditions, the shelf life of d-Limonene, orange terpenes, orange oil, and most other citrus by-products is 18 months to two years. Improper storage and handling can lead to reduced shelf life.

Store in well ventilated area with proper sprinkler/fire deterrent system. Storage temperature should not exceed the flash point (110°F/43°C)for extended periods of time. Keep container closed with not in use. Air should be excluded from partially filled containers by displacing with nitrogen or carbon dioxide. Do not cut, drill, grind, or weld on or n ear this container; residual vapors may ignite.

The freezing point of d-Limonene is -96° C (-142° F). Exposure to extreme low temperatures should not affect d-Limonene product quality; however at -78°C (-108°F) d-Limonene will become difficult to pump. It should also be noted that water – which is naturally present in trace amounts – might be extracted from the d-Limonene if exposed to temperatures below 0° C (32° F). Freezing temperatures will not affect the integrity of the product but water may collect at the bottom of the drum or storage tank. If the drum is un-lined, the water may cause rust. This is rarely a storage issue in the phenolic-lined drums used by Florida Chemical Company.

Storage Safety

It is recommended that all local storage safety precautions be followed. In Florida, d-Limonene is not considered a hazardous material when stored in a warehouse in drums. When shipped by air or ocean, d-Limonene is considered a hazardous material and must be labeled accordingly. If d-Limonene is stored in drums marked with hazardous labels, local regulatory agencies may consider d-Limonene hazardous.

If there are still questions about storing and packaging d-Limonene, do not hesitate to contact Florida Chemical Company at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or (863) 294-8483.



Always wear the appropriate personal protective equipment when handling essential oils, especially safety glasses and gloves. The best material for gloves, aprons, and goggles for handling d-Limonene are nitrile gloves, although Viton and polyethylene film gloves will also work.

When transferring from drums or tankers into smaller containers, braided PVC tubing will hold up for a while, but will eventually become rigid. The newer materials using halogenated polymers or fluoromers will work best for this use. Braided PVC or Tygon tubing will hold up for a while.

For clean-up purposes when a NIOSH filter is needed, always use an organic cartridge.

Florida Chemical Company recommends the use of grounding clamps whenever transferring liquids.



Renewable and Sustainable Citrus Oils Lifecycle

The citrus oils manufacturing process is part of a renewable and sustainable closed loop within the citrus industry. We deliver a stable, high-quality citrus oil supply because we have a long-established position within the citrus industry. Not only do we provide you with environmentally responsible products—we are a supply partner that you can count on.


d-Limonene Manufacturing

d-Limonene is the major component of the oil extracted from the citrus rind during the citrus juicing process. When the fruit is juiced, the oil is pressed out of the rind, then separated from the juice and distilled to recover certain flavor and fragrance compounds.

After the juicing process, the peels are conveyed to a steam extractor. When the steam is condensed, a layer of oil floats on the surface of the condensed water. This removes the bulk of the oil from the peel.

Food Grade d-Limonene is extracted through the juicing process and Technical Grade d-Limonene is removed through the peel steam extraction process.


Our Research and Product Development Lab

We offer a complete Research and Innovation lab with advanced analytical equipment, that is complimented by a first class quality control lab.

Our experienced team of citrus and formulation chemists can assist you with:

  • New product development
  • Consumer/Retail product formulation
  • Industrial/Institutional product formulations
  • Surfactant selection
  • Patented solvent formulations and green solvents
  • Co-ingredient identification Product testing, evaluation and matching grade
  • d-Limonene is removed through the peel steam extraction process.

Technical Support

We offer a complete quality control and R&D lab with advanced analytical equipment.

Our experienced team of citrus and formulations chemists can assist you with:

Contact Us

The Florida Chemical Company team is devoted to making our products and service a valuable component of your business success. Contact us for access to product samples of all our products.

Florida Chemical Company Headquarters
351 Bert Schulz Blvd NE
Winter Haven, FL 33881-9432.
Fax: 863-294-7783
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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